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Anal Chem. 1994 Sep 15;66(18):2809-15.

Infrared multiphoton dissociation of large multiply charged ions for biomolecule sequencing.

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Department of Chemistry, Baker Laboratory, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853-1301.


Characterization and verification of the structures of large biomolecules with high-resolution tandem Fourier transform mass spectrometry with electrospray ionization is critically dependent on the technique used to fragment the multiply charged ions produced. Infrared multiphoton dissociation (IRMPD) of ionized proteins as large as carbonic anhydrase (29 kDa) yields fragment information similar to, but with valuable additions to, that of other dissociation techniques. IRMPD yields product ions on-axis, providing efficient dissociation in further stages; MS3 of ubiquitin (8.6 kDa) yields 11 new sequence ions. Optimum irradiation times for protein ion dissociation vary by more than a factor of 6, with times for oligonucleotides far lower, possibly due to photon resonance with a P-O stretching frequency. IRMPD provides far greater selectivity than collisionally activated dissociation and also appears to yield much less mass discrimination and to dissociate much more stable ions. A technique to remove product ions on formation from the laser beam should improve the present efficiencies of 30-80%.

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