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Pediatr Pathol. 1994 Jul-Aug;14(4):723-30.

Expression of insulin-like growth factor binding protein 2 (IGFBP-2) in Wilms' tumors.

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Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston 29425.


Human Wilms' tumor (WT) expresses insulin-like growth factor (IGF) II and its cognate receptor, type 1 IGF receptor, forming a self-stimulating "autocrine loop." The biological activity of IGF-II is modulated by a class of soluble receptors called IGF binding proteins (IGFBP). To determine if IGFBP play a role in the biology of WT, extracts of nude mouse heterotransplants of three blastemal WT were examined for the ability to bind radiolabeled IGF-II by ligand blot analysis. [125I]IGF-II bound to a protein of M(r) 35 kDa. To confirm that this binding protein was being expressed by the tumor itself and not background from the host, tumor explants were prepared in cell culture. Conditioned culture media from blastemal WT cell cultures were found to contain the 35-kDa IGFBP. This secreted binding protein was identified as IGFBP-2 by screening for reactivity to characterized IGFBP antisera. Total RNA from primary WT or WT cells in culture was examined for expression of IGFBP-2 mRNA using an RNase protection assay. All three WT expressed IGFBP-2 mRNA. These data suggest a role for IGFBP-2 in the IGF-II-dependent growth of Wilms' tumor and in the developing kidney.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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