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J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1994 Nov;271(2):1114-21.

Effects of nitric oxide synthase inhibition on the pathophysiology observed in a model of chronic granulomatous colitis.

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Department of Physiology, Louisiana State University Medical Center, Shreveport.


The objective of this study was to assess the role that nitric oxide (NO) may play in mediating the colonic inflammation observed in a model of chronic granulomatous colitis using two pharmacologically different inhibitors of nitric oxide synthase (NOS). The NOS inhibitors NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME; 15 mumol/kg/day) and aminoguanidine (AG; 15 mumol/kg/day) were administered to rats in their drinking water, beginning 3 days before the induction of colitis and continuing for the entire 3-week period. We found that chronic NOS inhibition by L-NAME or AG significantly attenuated the peptidoglycan/polysacchride (PG/PS)-induced increases in macroscopic colonic inflammation scores and colonic MPO activity. Only AG, and not L-NAME, attenuated the PG/PS-induced increases in colon dry weight. Both L-NAME and AG significantly attenuated the PG/PS-induced increases in spleen inflammation, whereas neither drug significantly attenuated the PG/PS-induced liver inflammation. Although both L-NAME and AG inhibited NO production in vivo, as measured by decreases in plasma nitrite and nitrate levels, only AG was found to attenuate these values significantly (38 +/- 3 vs. 83 +/- 8 microM, respectively; P < .05). Finally, administration of L-NAME, but not of AG, significantly increased mean arterial pressure from 83 mm Hg in colitic animals to 105 mm Hg in the PG/PS+L-NAME-treated animals (P < .05). We conclude that NO may play an important role in mediating some of the pathophysiology associated with this model of chronic granulomatous colitis.

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