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Exp Hematol. 1994 Dec;22(13):1288-96.

Inhibitory effects of HIV-1-infected stromal cell layers on the production of myeloid progenitor cells in human long-term bone marrow cultures.

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  • 1Department of Hematology, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Washington, DC.

Erratum in

  • Exp Hematol 1995 Feb;23(2):181.


This report presents the results of studies using long-term bone marrow cultures (LTBMC) of human bone marrow cells to investigate the effect of HIV-1 on in vitro hematopoiesis. Confluent stromal cell layers established from human bone marrow cells were irradiated to eliminate residual hematopoietic progenitor cells and exposed to HIV-1ADA or to HIV-1IIIB, monocytotropic and lymphocytotropic strains of HIV-1, respectively. A productive infection did not develop in cultures exposed to HIV-1IIIB but did for cultures exposed to HIV-1ADA as there was a progressive increase in HIV-1 p24 antigen. Stromal cell layers infected with HIV-1ADA were also cocultured with autologous CD34+ bone marrow cells. Four days, 1, 2, and 3 weeks later, the number of colony-forming units granulocyte/macrophage (CFU-GM) in non- and HIV-infected LTBMC was determined. The number of CFU-GM increased during the first week in both non- and HIV-infected LTBMC. One week after the coculture of CD34+ cells with stromal cell layers infected with HIV-1ADA, the number of CFU-GM in six out of eight experiments was reduced compared to noninfected control LTBMC. In those six experiments, the number of CFU-GM was 53 +/- 6% standard error of the mean (SEM) of the number in noninfected LTBMC. A reduced number of CFU-GM was observed in the nonadherent fraction of HIV-infected LTBMC for at least 2 weeks. These results demonstrate that some cells in the stromal cell layers of LTBMC were targets for HIV-1 and that HIV-infected stromal cell layers suppressed or delayed the production of CFU-GM.

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