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Eur Cytokine Netw. 1994 May-Jun;5(3):293-300.

Epitope analysis of human IL-6 receptor gp80 molecule with monoclonal antibodies.

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INSERM U291, Montpellier, France.


Gp80 human IL-6R was studied using 7 murine mAb (M37, M91, M113, M139, M164, M182 and M195) obtained after fusion of splenocytes of Balb/c mice immunised with a mixture of recombinant IL-6 receptor (rIL-6R) and cells from 2 cell lines expressing IL-6R. These were U266, which is IL-6 independent and XG-1 which is IL-6-dependent. In ELISA the 7 mAb reacted against the rIL-6R and against the natural soluble form found in plasma (nIL-6R), which both lack transmembrane and cytoplasmic domains. However, M195 reacted less with the natural than with the recombinant soluble IL-6R. Using FACS analysis, the 7 mAb were shown to bind to U266 cells but not to the Namalva cell line which is deprived of IL-6R. This showed that they all recognised the membrane form of the IL-6R. Three of the anti-IL-6R mAb reacted with rIL-6R by Western blotting. Four different epitopes of the molecule were identified, either by cross-blocking experiments of mAb binding to IL6R in ELISA or by the biosensor Biacore technology. A group of 4 mAb (M37, M113, M139 and M164) and another mAb (M195) identified 2 different epitopes involved in IL-6 binding. These antibodies were able to inhibit the binding of IL-6 to IL-6R and the proliferation of the IL-6-dependent XG-1 cell line. M91 and M182 recognized 2 other epitopes that were not involved in IL-6 binding. As expected, M91 did not inhibit XG-1 proliferation; in contrast, M182 interfered with the proliferative response of the XG-1 cell line.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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