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J Infect Dis. 1994 Oct;170(4):834-40.

Safety and immunogenicity of a polyvalent Escherichia coli vaccine in human volunteers.

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Department of Bacterial Diseases, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Washington, DC 20307-5100.


Since a limited number of O serogroups account for nearly 70% of bacteremic and meningitic Escherichia coli isolates, a polyvalent vaccine was made by conjugating a Pseudomonas aeruginosa exotoxin A carrier protein to the O polysaccharide of 12 serogroups of E. coli (O1, O2, O4, O6-O8, O12, O15, O16, O18, O25, O75). No serious reactions occurred in 88 vaccinees. Four-fold or greater increases in ELISA antibody levels over baseline were greatest (> 60% of vaccinees) for O1, O2, O6-O8 and O15; intermediate (approximately 50%) for O18 and O75, and poorest (> or = 45%) for O4, O12, O16, and O25. Responses with functionally active opsonophagocytic antibody generally paralleled ELISA antibody responses. With the availability of a safe, immunogenic E. coli vaccine, active and passive immunization strategies merit further development as adjunctive treatment for E. coli bacteremia and neonatal meningitis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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