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Eur J Immunol. 1994 Sep;24(9):2262-5.

Vasoactive intestinal peptide specifically induces human IgA1 and IgA2 production.

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Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Kyoto University Hospital, Japan.


The effects of vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) on human IgA1 and IgA2 production were studied. In unfractionated small resting B cells stimulated with anti-CD40 monoclonal antibody (mAb), VIP induced IgA1 and IgA2 production without affecting the production of IgG1, IgG2, IgG3, IgG4, IgM, or IgE. When small B cells were separated into sIgA1+, sIgA2+, sIgA1- and sIgA2- B cells, anti-CD40 mAb plus VIP induced IgA1 and IgA2 production by surface IgA1- (sIgA1-) and sIgA2- B cells, respectively, while having no effect on sIgA1+ and sIgA2+ B cells. This induction by VIP was specific, since anti-CD40 mAb plus other neuropeptides, i.e., somatostatin or substance P, had no effect, and moreover, the induction was specifically blocked by a VIP antagonist. Further, anti-CD40 mAb plus various cytokines, including interleukin (IL)-1 beta, IL-2, IL-3, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-10, transforming growth factor-beta, low molecular weight B cell growth factor, and interferon-gamma, did not induce IgA1 and IgA2 production by sIgA1- and sIgA2- B cells, respectively. These results indicate that in the presence of anti-CD40 mAb, VIP induces IgA1 and IgA2 production by isotype switching.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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