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Cell Adhes Commun. 1993 Dec;1(3):191-202.

Evaluation of integrin molecules involved in substrate adhesion.

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Department of Microbiology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19104-6076.


Integrins were cross-linked to their extracellular matrix ligands using non-penetrating chemical cross-linkers. This procedure did not disturb the distribution of integrin in the adhesion structure and adhesion plaque integrin staining remained even when the cultures were extracted with ionic detergents. 80-90% of the beta 1 integrin in the cross-linked culture was extracted with RIPA buffer and the remaining 10-20% was recovered following reversal of the cross-linking. This separated two distinct integrin pools, one which can be cross-linked to substrate bound extracellular matrix and one which is not. The specificity of this procedure for cross-linking of integrins involved in substrate adhesion was demonstrated using NIH 3T3 cells which express both alpha 5 beta 1 and alpha 6 beta 1 integrins. alpha 6 was cross-linked only in cells plated on laminin whereas alpha 5 was cross-linked when fibronectin was present. Using antisera directed to the cytoplasmic domains of either alpha 5 or beta 1 integrin, it was demonstrated that these domains can be blocked in the intact cell but the blocking can be removed using ionic detergent extraction after chemical cross-linking. The extracellular matrix associated with the substrate surface but not that associated with the media exposed surface is both cross-linked and retained on the plastic dish following cross-linking.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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