Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Ann Trop Paediatr. 1994;14(2):97-103.

Epidemiology of invasive Haemophilus influenzae infections in Cape Town, South Africa.

Author information

1
Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Cape Town, South Africa.

Abstract

The full spectrum of invasive Haemophilus influenzae disease has not been documented previously in Africa. This 1-year prospective study was designed to determine the epidemiology of invasive Haemophilus influenzae disease in Cape Town children. During this period, 142 children with invasive disease were hospitalized; 85 (59.9%) presented with meningitis, 35 (24.6%) with pneumonia and 22 (15.5%) with other diseases. No cases of epiglottitis were seen. Sixty per cent of cases were male and 40% female. The median age of the children was 9 months, with a range of 1-144 months, and 65.5% were aged < 12 months. Neurological dysfunction was noted in 40% and 18% of children with meningitis on admission and discharge, respectively. The overall case fatality rate (95% confidence intervals) was 9.2% (4.9-15.7), and for meningitis, pneumonia and septicaemia it was 4.7% (1.2-16.4), 14.3% (4.6-31.8) and 40% (8-78.1), respectively. Serotype b accounted for 86.5% of all cases, 97.3% of cases of meningitis, 71.4% of cases of pneumonia, 50% of cases of septicaemia, all cases of arthritis and cellulitis and none of mastoiditis. The incidence rates (95% confidence intervals) for all invasive type b infections were 169 (122-198) and 47 (39-57) per 100,000 population for children < 1 and < 5 years, respectively. For meningitis the rates were 112 (84-148) and 34 (25-40) per 100,000, respectively. Rates for mixed race and white children were similar, but those for black children were more than double those rates.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

PMID:
7521637
DOI:
10.1080/02724936.1994.11747700
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center