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Am J Physiol. 1994 Aug;267(2 Pt 1):E226-33.

Growth hormone and parathyroid hormone stimulate IGFBP-3 in rat osteoblasts.

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  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland.


Osteoblast-like cells prepared from calvaria of newborn rats produce insulin-like growth factor (IGF) I and several insulin-like growth factor binding proteins (IGFBPs) in vitro. Among the IGFBPs found in conditioned cell culture medium, IGFBP-3 is the most abundant. Intact IGFBP-3, as assessed by 125I-labeled IGF-II ligand blot analysis, is more abundant in culture media of cells exposed to growth hormone (GH) or to parathyroid hormone (PTH), both at 5 x 10(-9) mol/l, for 24 h. At the same time, concentrations of IGF-I are increased in media of cells exposed to PTH but not to GH, compared with hormone-free control cultures. IGFBP-3 mRNA is increased in osteoblasts exposed to PTH or to GH but not in response to 5 x 10(-9) mol/l IGF-I. PTH exerts a rapid (within 2 h) stimulatory effect on IGF-I and IGFBP-3 production, both at the message and peptide levels, whereas GH increases only IGFBP-3, both at the message and peptide levels (after 24 h). We conclude that IGF-I does not mediate increased IGFBP-3 production by rat osteoblasts in response to GH and PTH.

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