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Proc Soc Exp Biol Med. 1994 Sep;206(4):404-8.

Biotin uptake by basolateral membrane vesicles of human placenta: normal characteristics and role of ethanol.

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Department of Medicine, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio 78284-7878.


This study assessed the mechanism of uptake of biotin by the fetal-facing (basolateral) membrane of the term human placenta. Using membrane vesicles, we showed that most of the uptake was attributable to transfer of the vitamin into the vesicle and that the uptake was saturable, Na-dependent, carrier-mediated, and electroneutral. The rate of uptake was less than for biotin uptake by the maternal-facing (apical) membrane of the human placenta. Because ethanol inhibits biotin uptake by the apical membrane, the effect of ethanol on uptake by basolateral vesicles was investigated. With 10-hr exposure at a concentration of 2 and 3 mg/ml, but not 1 mg/ml, ethanol modestly inhibited biotin uptake. The mechanism of inhibition by alcohol is not known.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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