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J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1994 Aug;270(2):734-40.

A further analysis of the contraction induced by activation of cholecystokinin A receptors in guinea pig isolated ileum longitudinal muscle-myenteric plexus.

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Glaxo Research Laboratories, Verona, Italy.


The activity of a selective cholecystokinin (CCK)-A receptor agonist, N-acetyl derivative of A71623 (Ac-Trp-Lys(epsilon-N-[2-methylphenylamino-carbonyl]) -Asp-(NMe)Phe-NH2) was investigated in the guinea pig isolated ileum longitudinal muscle myenteric plexus. NAA caused both a phasic and tonic contraction at all concentrations tested (1-1000 nM). The selective CCK-A antagonist L-364,718 (Devazepide) antagonized both types of contraction with a pKB of 10.10 and 9.95, respectively. The CCK-B selective antagonist L-365,260 ((3R(+)-2,3-dihydro-1-methyl-2-oxo-5-phenyl-1H-1, 4-benzodiazepine-3yl)-N-(3-methylphenyl)-urea) was inactive up to a concentration of 30 nM. Atropine at 300 nM and 1000 nM reduced the maximal response of NAA by only 17% and 50%, respectively. The selective neurokinin (NK)-1 antagonists GR 82334 ([D-pro9[Spiro-gamma-Lactam] Leu10, Trp11]-Phys (1-11)9) at 300 and 1000 nM and (+-) CP-96,345 [(2S, 3S)-cis- 2-(diphenylmethyl)-N- [(2-methoxyphenyl)-methyl] -1-azabici-clo [2.2.2]octan-3-amine] at 10 nM were inactive or partially active. When atropine and GR 82334 or (+/-) CP-96,345 were combined, they produced a dose-dependent synergistic inhibition of both phasic and tonic contractions induced by NAA. The selective NK-3 receptor agonist senktide induced both phasic and tonic contractions that were blocked by tetrodotoxin. In the presence of atropine and GR 82334, both 300 nM, a synergistic depression of the response to senktide similar to that observed for the agonist NAA was disclosed.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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