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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1994 Aug 16;91(17):8288-91.

Dopamine alters glutamate receptor desensitization in retinal horizontal cells of the perch (Perca fluviatilis).

Author information

1
Physiologisches Institut, Justus-Liebig-Universit├Ąt, Giessen, Germany.

Abstract

The patch-clamp technique in combination with a fast liquid filament application system was used to study the effect of dopamine on the glutamate receptor desensitization in horizontal cells of the perch (Perca fluviatilis). Kinetics of ligand-gated ion channels in fish horizontal cells are modulated by dopamine. This modulation is presumably mediated by a cAMP-dependent protein phosphorylation. Before incubation with dopamine, the glutamate receptors of horizontal cells activate and desensitize with fast time constants. In the whole-cell recording mode, fast application of the agonists L-glutamate, quisqualate, or alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid prior to the dopamine incubation gives rise to fast transient currents with peak values of about 200 pA that desensitize within 100 ms. Kainate as agonist produced higher steady-state currents but no transient currents. After incubation of the cells with dopamine for 3 min, the desensitization was significantly reduced and the agonists L-glutamate, quisqualate, or alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid induced steady-state currents with amplitudes that were similar to the previously observed transient currents. Kainate-induced currents were only slightly affected. Fast desensitizing currents upon fast application of L-glutamate were also recorded from outside-out patches that were excised from horizontal cells before incubation with dopamine. The currents from excised patches desensitized to a steady-state level of about 0.2 of the peak amplitude with time constants of less than 2 ms. When the outside-out patches were excised from cells after dopamine incubation, steady-state currents were enhanced and no transient currents were observed. The results may indicate that the dopamine-dependent modulation of glutamate-induced currents, which is presumably mediated by a protein phosphorylation, is due to an alteration of the desensitization of the glutamate receptors.

PMID:
7520178
PMCID:
PMC44591
DOI:
10.1073/pnas.91.17.8288
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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