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J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 1994 May;35(4):649-62.

Contrasting infant predictors of later cognitive functioning.

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Central Institute of Mental Health, Clinic for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Mannheim, Germany.


The predictive power of early visual attention in terms of later cognitive functioning was compared to standard developmental test scores and further early predictors of later development. In a longitudinal study of 226 infants at risk visual attention in a habituation-dishabituation paradigm was assessed at 3 months and cognitive development was measured at 3, 24 and 54 months. The results indicated that response decrement and response recovery measures are related to cognitive outcome in later childhood, but failed to support their superiority over standard developmental test scores or early biological and psychosocial predictors of later IQ. Methodological shortcomings of previous studies and theoretical weaknesses of the habituation concept were discussed as a possible explanation.

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