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Autoimmunity. 1993;16(4):267-74.

Monoclonal anti-gamma interferon antibodies enhance experimental allergic encephalomyelitis.

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Department of Neurology, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pa. 19107-5083.


Interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) is a cytokine with multiple activities on a variety of cells. Under various circumstances, IFN-gamma can exhibit either pro-inflammatory or inhibitory actions. Treatment of SJL/J mice with a monoclonal antibody (Mab) to IFN-gamma during the afferent limb of the immune response to myelin protein produced an enhancement of acute experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE), with increased morbidity, mortality and earlier onset of disease. Systemic administration of IFN-gamma did not improve or worsen clinical outcome, but delayed disease onset. Passive transfer of immune lymph node cells co-activated with MBP and anti-IFN-gamma Mab resulted in more sever disease than that induced by MBP stimulated cells or MBP and IFN-gamma co-stimulated cells. However, in vitro proliferation of an MBP specific T cell line was not influenced by IFN-gamma nor anti-IFN-gamma treatment. Mab to IFN-gamma inhibited suppressor function, in a non-specific assay. These in vivo and in vitro results suggest that systemic IFN-gamma serves as a physiological regulator of a suppressor mechanism in EAE. The abrogation of this regulatory mechanism by anti-IFN-gamma administration contributes to a more severe form of experimental allergic encephalomyelitis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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