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Cancer. 1994 Jul 1;74(1):16-24.

Transcatheter oily chemoembolization for hepatocellular carcinoma. A 4-year study of 127 French patients.

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Services d'Hépatogastroentérologie et de Chirurgie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire, Strasbourg, France.



In Western countries, only a small proportion of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) can be treated with surgical resection. For other patients, locoregional management by transcatheter oily chemoembolization seems to be useful and warrants evaluation.


One hundred and twenty-seven French patients with an inoperable HCC were treated by transcatheter oily chemoembolization. The efficiency of the treatment was assessed by a comparison of this group with a group of 127 untreated patients. Each patient of the treated group was matched closely with an untreated patient for all the main clinical, anatomic, and biologic features that characterize the spontaneous evolution of HCC.


The overall probabilities of survival in the treated group were 64%, 38%, 27%, and 27% at 1, 2, 3, and 4 years, respectively; those for the untreated group were 18%, 6%, and 5% at 1, 2 and 3 years, respectively (P < 0.0001). The survival was significantly increased in patients with Okuda Stage I and II disease (P < 0.0001), but not in those with Stage III. Karnofsky and Child-Pugh scores remained stable during the follow-up period and dropped only shortly before patients died.


Transcatheter oily chemoembolization is an efficient treatment for unresectable HCC for the palliation of symptoms as well as for the prolongation of survival with a good quality of life.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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