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Ophthalmic Surg. 1994 Mar;25(3):195-201.

Indocyanine green dye-enhanced diode laser photocoagulation of poorly defined subfoveal choroidal neovascularization.

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New England Eye Center, Department of Ophthalmology, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Mass 02111.


Indocyanine green (ICG) is a dye with an absorption peak (795 to 810 nm) similar to the emission peak of the diode laser (805 nm). Therefore, ICG dye-enhanced diode laser photocoagulation may permit the selective ablation of ICG-retaining choroidal neovascular membranes (CNVM) with relative sparing of the neighboring neurosensory retina. Ten patients with poorly defined subfoveal CNVM were treated with ICG dye-enhanced diode laser photocoagulation and followed for an average of 15 months. One of the 10 patients experienced an immediate significant drop in visual acuity after photocoagulation. Obliteration of the CNVM at the site of laser photocoagulation was confirmed by fluorescein angiography and ICG angiography. Subfoveal chorioretinal scar formation was noted postoperatively in all 10 patients. At last follow up, 9 of these 10 patients had no more than a two-line increase or decrease in visual acuity. These preliminary results suggest that poorly defined subfoveal CNVM can be successfully treated by ICG dye-enhanced diode laser photocoagulation with minimal adverse affect on visual acuity in most cases.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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