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Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 1994;8 Suppl 1:11-23.

Continuing development of acid pump inhibitors: site of action of pantoprazole.

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Department of Physiology and Medicine, UCLA.


Both receptor antagonists and acid pump inhibitors are clinically useful suppressants of acid secretion. The latter class of drugs, the substituted benzimidazoles, inhibit acid secretion more effectively and, therefore, provide superior symptom relief and healing in all acid-related diseases. The H2-receptor antagonists competitively block the action of histamine on the H2-receptors of parietal cells. This histamine is released from enterochromaffin-like cells (ECL cells) due to gastrin, acetylcholine or epinephrine stimulation. In addition, parietal cells have M3-receptors which can function independently of H2-receptors. Hence, there is no single common pathway for parietal cell stimulation. Stimulation of acid secretion by parietal cells requires activation of the acid pump, the gastric H+,K(+)-ATPase. The target site for the benzimidazoles is the activated gastric H+,K(+)-ATPase, and, in particular, the cysteines of the pump that are exposed to the acid space of the secretory canaliculus of the parietal cells. Pantoprazole in its protonated form selectively reacts with cysteines present in both the fifth and sixth membrane segments of the ATPase, explaining its mechanism of inhibiting proton transport by this enzyme.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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