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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1994 Apr 26;91(9):3619-22.

Redox regulation of signal transduction: tyrosine phosphorylation and calcium influx.

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Department of Genetics, Stanford University School of Medicine, CA 94305.


Studies presented here show that altering the intracellular redox balance by decreasing glutathione levels profoundly affects early signal transduction events in human T cells. In a T-cell receptor (TCR) signaling model, short-term pretreatment with buthionine sulfoximine, which specifically decreases intracellular glutathione, essentially abrogates the stimulation of calcium influx by anti-CD3 antibodies without significantly impairing other aspects of TCR-initiated signal transduction, such as overall levels of TCR-stimulated tyrosine phosphorylation. In an inflammatory-cytokine signaling model, the failure of tumor necrosis factor alpha to stimulate more than minimal tyrosine phosphorylation in lymphocytes is overcome by buthionine sulfoximine pretreatment--i.e., tumor necrosis factor alpha stimulates extensive tyrosine phosphorylation in glutathione-depleted lymphocytes. These redox-dependent changes in T-cell responsiveness suggest that the glutathione deficiency that we and others have demonstrated in human immunodeficiency virus-infected individuals may contribute significantly to the immunodeficiency and the increased inflammatory reactions in these individuals.

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