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J Biol Chem. 1994 Apr 22;269(16):12173-8.

Cloning and expression of a cDNA for the human prostanoid IP receptor.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Merck Frosst Centre for Therapeutic Research, Pointe Claire-Dorval, Quebec, Canada.


A cDNA clone coding for a functional human prostanoid IP receptor has been isolated from a lung cDNA library. The human IP receptor consists of 386 amino acid residues with a predicted molecular mass of 40,961, and has the seven putative transmembrane domains characteristic of G-protein-coupled receptors. Challenge of Xenopus oocytes co-expressing the IP receptor and the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (cAMP-activated Cl- channel) with the stable prostacyclin analog iloprost resulted in specific inward Cl- currents, demonstrating that the cDNA encoded a functional IP prostanoid receptor coupled to elevation in cAMP. Radioreceptor binding studies using membranes prepared from mammalian COS cells transfected with the IP receptor cDNA showed that the rank order of potency for prostaglandins and prostaglandin analogs in competition for [3H]iloprost specific binding sites was as predicted for the IP receptor, with iloprost >> carbacyclin >> prostaglandin (PG) E2 > PGF 2 alpha = PGD2 = U46619. Northern blot analysis showed that IP mRNA was most abundantly expressed in kidney, with lesser amounts detected in lung and liver. In summary, we have cloned and expressed a cDNA for the human prostanoid IP receptor that is functionally coupled to a signaling pathway involving stimulation of intracellular cAMP production.

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