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Mol Endocrinol. 1993 Dec;7(12):1561-8.

Regulation of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and IGF-binding protein 1 gene transcription by hormones and provision of amino acids in rat hepatocytes.

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Department of Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30303.


Synthesis of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and IGF binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1) is altered in diabetes and malnutrition, but underlying processes are poorly understood. To study molecular mechanisms, we examined regulation of IGF-I and IGFBP-1 gene transcription in primary cultures of rat hepatocytes. Transcription of the IGF-I and IGFBP-1 genes was measured as incorporation of [alpha-32P]UTP into preinitiated message in isolated nuclei. IGFBP-1 gene transcription was not sensitive to reduction in amino acid concentration from 5x to 0.5x rat arterial plasma levels. However, IGF-I gene transcription fell 60-70% in response to reduced provision of amino acids. Culture with 10(-9) M insulin lowered IGFBP-1 gene transcription 50% below control levels (10-11 M) but did not affect IGF-I gene transcription; 10(-6) M insulin raised IGF-I gene transcription 2-fold. After an acute reduction in insulin concentration, IGFBP-1 transcription began to rise within 30 min, but IGF-I gene transcription was unchanged over 120 min. Similarly, 3-6 h were required for stimulation of IGF-I gene transcription by insulin, but a 40% decrease in IGFBP-1 gene transcription could be detected within 15 min after adding 10(-6) M insulin, and suppression of IGFBP-1 transcription by insulin was unaffected by the presence of cycloheximide. Effects of insulin on IGFBP-1 gene transcription were not mimicked or antagonized by phorbol ester.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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