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Verh Dtsch Ges Pathol. 1993;77:241-6.

[Proliferative activity and p53 expression in transitional cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder].

[Article in German]

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Institut für Pathologische Anatomie, Universität Innsbruck.


Mutations of the p53 gene are important mechanisms in malignant transformation and are associated with dysregulation of normal cell growth. In the present study the expression of mutated p53-protein and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) was investigated in a series of 31 human transitional cell carcinomas (TCC) by immunohistochemistry (IHC). The number of PCNA-positive cells and the pattern of expression was distinct in normal urothelium being confined to the basal cell layer. In dysplastic urothelium and in Carcinoma in situ (CIS) PCNA-immunoreactive nuclei were irregularly distributed throughout all layers. In tumor cell complexes the pattern of PCNA-immunoreactivity was different in papillary and primary infiltrating TCCs. Densitometric quantification of the intensity of the PCNA-reactivity using image analysis revealed an increase from normal to dysplastic urothelium and from dysplastic urothelium to invasive tumors. 21/31 (68%) of the tumors and tumor-associated CIS showed overexpression of p53 varying in percentage, pattern and reaction intensity. The percentage of PCNA-positive cells was higher in tumors overexpressing p53. Double IHC showed colocalization of both molecules in a significant proportion of tumor cells suggesting a link of p53 overexpression and the abnormal proliferative activity. The present results show that p53 over-expression is found in a significant percentage of TCCs and indicate a close association with a defective growth regulation resulting in increased PCNA-levels and enhanced cellular proliferation.

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