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Neuropeptides. 1993 Nov;25(5):307-13.

Inhaled substance P induces activation of alveolar macrophages and increases airway responses in the guinea-pig.

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Bio-Inova Res. Lab, Plaisir, France.


Guinea-pigs pretreated with phosphoramidon or saline were treated with an aerosol of substance P (SP) or saline. 24 h later, the pulmonary inflation pressure (PIP) to substance P or to cumulative doses of acetylcholine or of histamine was recorded. The PIP response to SP itself was significantly enhanced in animals treated with phosphoramidon+SP as compared with phosphoramidon+saline (2.5-fold increase 1 min after the end of the inhalation, P < 0.001). The response to acetylcholine and to histamine was also significantly enhanced in phosphoramidon+substance P-treated as compared with phosphoramidon+saline-treated guinea-pigs (PC200 = 38.9 and 1.6 as compared with 77.6 and 3.9 micrograms/ml, P < 0.01 and P < 0.05 respectively). The production of superoxide anions by alveolar macrophages in response to f-MLP was also enhanced after treatment with phosphoramidon+SP as compared with phosphoramidon+saline (6.4 +/- 0.7 and 3.8 +/- 0.3 cpm, P < 0.001 respectively). In animals treated with saline+SP or saline+saline, the PIP responses and the production of superoxide anion were similar. Altogether these results suggest that SP contributes to the bronchial hyper-responsiveness in asthma and this probably through activation of alveolar macrophages.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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