Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1994 Jan;149(1):123-7.

Contractile effects of bradykinin on the isolated human small bronchus.

Author information

1
Laboratoire de Pharmacologie, Faculté de Médecine Paris Ouest, France.

Abstract

Bradykinin (Bk) induced a contraction in all small bronchi samples (diameter, 0.5 to 1 mm) from 20 patients. pD2 was 7.7 +/- 0.1 (pD2 = -log EC50) and maximal effect (Emax) was 36.2 +/- 4.7% of the maximal response to acetylcholine. The B2 agonist [Hyp3TyrMe8]Bk contracted airway smooth muscle with a pD2 of 7.8 +/- 0.2 and an Emax of 39 +/- 9%. The B1 agonist [Sar1dPhe8desArg9]Bk induced only a weak contraction at 10(-6) M. The effect of Bk was abolished by the B2 (Hoe 140) but not by the B1 [Leu8desArg9]Bk receptor antagonist. Indomethacin 10(-6) M abolished Bk-induced contraction, suggesting that cyclooxygenase products are involved in Bk action. Capsaicin 10(-5) M, which selectively depletes C fibers from airway mediators through the ruthenium red pathway, and ruthenium red 10(-5) M significantly inhibited the concentration-response curves to Bk. However, tetrodotoxin (+/-)-CP-96,345, SR 48968, and atropine did not significantly affect Bk concentration-response curves, suggesting that nerve conduction, substance P (SP), neurokinin A (NKA), and acetylcholine release are not involved in Bk action. Our data indicate that Bk contracts human distal airway smooth muscle through the Bk B2 receptor and a cyclooxygenase pathway. This effect appears to involve capsaicin and ruthenium red pathways but neither acetylcholine nor NKA and SP release.

PMID:
7509245
DOI:
10.1164/ajrccm.149.1.7509245
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Atypon
Loading ...
Support Center