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J Med Microbiol. 1994 Feb;40(2):129-33.

Induction of IL-1 beta, IL-6, TNF-alpha, GM-CSF and G-CSF in human macrophages by smooth transparent and smooth opaque colonial variants of Mycobacterium avium.

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Laboratory of Bacteriology and Medical Mycology, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy.


Both smooth transparent (SmT) and smooth domed-opaque (SmD) colonial variants were obtained from a strain of Mycobacterium avium isolated from a patient with AIDS. The two variants showed similar biochemical characteristics but SmT bacteria proliferated better than SmD bacteria inside human macrophages and were much less capable than the SmD variant of inducing the release of IL-1 beta, IL-6, TNF-alpha, GM-CSF and G-CSF, after incubation for either 3 or 6 days. As cytokines are important extracellular signals for immune cells, the lack of induction observed in SmT-infected macrophages may be one of the pathogenic mechanisms of M. avium.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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