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Prostate. 1994;24(2):84-92.

Responses to the antagonistic analog of LH-RH (SB-75, Cetrorelix) in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia and prostatic cancer.

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1
Hospital de Especialidades, Centro Medico La Raza, IMSS, Mexico.

Abstract

Among new highly potent antagonistic analogs of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LH-RH), containing neutral hydrophilic D-ureidoalkyl amino acids such as D-Cit and D-Hci at position 6 and free of edematogenic and anaphylactoid reactions, Ac-D-Nal(2)1, D-Ph(4Cl)2, D-Pal(3)3, D-Cit6, D-Ala10 (LH-RH) (SB-75; Cetrorelix) was shown to be one of the most powerful. In this trial, we evaluated the response to 500 micrograms SB-75 given every 12 hr subcutaneously (sc) for 4 weeks in 11 patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), and 6 weeks in 6 prostatic cancer patients (2 stage C, 4 stage D2). In patients with BPH presenting with prostatism and urinary outflow obstruction, there was a noticeable clinical improvement after the first week of SB-75 administration. This improvement continued during the course of treatment. Before therapy with SB-75, the serum levels of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) (6.73 +/- 1.46 ng/ml), acid phosphatases, total (12.67 +/- 1.15 U/l), and prostatic (2.27 +/- 0.34 U/l), were mildly elevated, but declined to normal values at 4 weeks: (2.13 +/- 0.59 ng/ml; P < 0.01), (7.68 +/- 0.89 U/l; P < 0.01), and (1.39 +/- 0.18 U/l; P < 0.01), respectively. Mean prostatic volume assessed by ultrasonography showed a significant decrease in all patients from 67.84 +/- 8.86 to 37.92 +/- 8.52 cm3; P < 0.01, which represents a reduction of 44%. In patients with prostate cancer, after the first week of therapy with SB-75, we observed a significant decrease in bone pain, relief in urinary outflow obstruction, and reversal of the signs of prostatism. Subjective improvement continued during the following weeks of treatment, so that the patients no longer needed analgesics. PSA, acid, and alkaline phosphatases gradually fell, achieving nearly normal values at 6 weeks. Initial serum testosterone levels in BPH and prostatic cancer patients were within normal limits, but during treatment with the antagonistic analog SB-75, fell to castration values. A major fall in free testosterone levels was observed after the first dose; the maximal inhibition was seen after 6-12 hr, with a simultaneous decrease in levels of both gonadotropins. Our results show that antagonist SB-75 can be safely administered for prolonged periods of time. The rapid shrinkage of the prostate and concomitant improvement in obstructive symptoms of prostatism obtained with antagonistic analog SB-75 in patients with BPH may decrease the morbidity of prostatic surgery and offer a therapeutic alternative in men who are considered poor surgical risks.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

PMID:
7508623
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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