Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Kidney Int. 1993 Dec;44(6):1322-6.

Incidence and risk factors for hepatitis C seroconversion in hemodialysis: a prospective study. The UCL Collaborative Group.

Author information

1
University of Louvain Medical School, Cliniques Universitaires St-Luc, Brussels, Belgium.

Abstract

To delineate the incidence and risk factors for seroconversion (SC) for HCV, from May 1991 to November 1992 we followed all 401 patients (no i.v. drug abusers) dialyzed in 15 Belgian hemodialysis (HD) units, none of which isolates anti-HCV (+) patients. The sensitive ELISA II test was performed in the same laboratory for all patients. ELISA II (+) sera were considered truly positive if specific antibodies were detected by RIBA II against at least one HCV antigen. Blood transfusions given from 12 months prior to inclusion in the study, dialyzer reuse and frequency of dialysis monitor sterilization were recorded. In May 1991, prevalence of truly positive ELISA II tests averaged 13.5% (54/399). During the three consecutive six-month periods, ELISA II became truly positive in 3 of 305 (1%), 4 of 314 (1.3%) and 1 of 313 (0.3%) patients, respectively, which was an average yearly incidence of 1.7%. SC was preceded (1 to 6 months) in all cases by an unexplained, unprecedented increase in the alanine aminotransferase level. The mean monthly rate of transfusions was significantly higher (P < 0.001) in eight patients with SC (0.7 +/- 0.6 U) than in 393 patients without SC (0.1 +/- 0.01 U). However, three of eight patients with SC had not been transfused at all. SC was observed in only 3 of 13 units (1, 3 and 4 cases, respectively) dialyzing ELISA (+) patients. In the unit with three SC, patients were always assigned a fixed station: SC was observed only in patients dialyzed next to an ELISA II (+) patient (3 of 8 vs. 0 of 30, P < 0.02).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

PMID:
7508005
DOI:
10.1038/ki.1993.385
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center