Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Clin Invest. 1994 Jan;93(1):17-25.

Estradiol enhances leukocyte binding to tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-stimulated endothelial cells via an increase in TNF-induced adhesion molecules E-selectin, intercellular adhesion molecule type 1, and vascular cell adhesion molecule type 1.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Immunoregulation, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892.

Abstract

Adhesion of leukocytes to endothelial cells is a critical step in the development of acute and chronic inflammatory lesions. We report here that estradiol treatment of cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells stimulated up to a twofold increase in TNF-induced adhesion of both polymorphonuclear leukocytes and PMA-activated peripheral blood mononuclear cells. This effect was more evident (threefold increase) when endothelial cells were cultured on the basement membrane glycoprotein laminin. Progesterone, but not testosterone, had a similar stimulatory effect. Estradiol also promoted a slight increase in interferon gamma-stimulated endothelial cell adherence for peripheral blood mononuclear cells, but no effect of estradiol was observed when adhesion of leukocytes to endothelial cells was stimulated with IL-1 or IL-4. The estradiol-induced increase in leukocyte binding to human umbilical vein endothelial cells was partially blocked by antibodies to the adhesion molecules E-selectin, intercellular adhesion molecule type 1 (ICAM-1), and vascular cell adhesion molecule type 1 (VCAM-1). Indirect immunofluorescence techniques showed that estradiol produces an increase in TNF-induced cell surface expression of these molecules. Northern blot analysis demonstrated a transient increase in TNF-induced expression of mRNA for E-selectin, ICAM-1, and VCAM-1 in endothelial cells treated with estradiol. Our data demonstrate that estradiol has important regulatory functions in promoting leukocyte-endothelial cell interactions that might contribute to the observed predominance in females of some autoimmune inflammatory diseases.

PMID:
7506711
PMCID:
PMC293714
DOI:
10.1172/JCI116941
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for American Society for Clinical Investigation Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center