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Anat Embryol (Berl). 1993 Oct;188(4):317-29.

Obstructed migration of Purkinje cells in the developing cerebellum of the reeler mutant mouse.

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1
Department of Anatomy, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

It has been considered that cortical malformation in the brain of the reeler mutant mouse is due to a defect in the process of neuroblast migration during development. We examined the process of Purkinje cell migration in the cerebellar primordium of the reeler mutant immunohistochemically and electron-microscopically, employing a specific marker for Purkinje cells and markers for radial glia. To facilitate the recognition of the homozygote of the reeler mutation (r1) at the embryonic stage, we introduced the chromosome carrying the autosomal semi-dominant mutation, hammer-toe (Hm), by crossbreeding and backcross into the heterozygote of the reeler mutation, which is an autosomal recessive and located on the homologous chromosome. Using this double heterozygous strain (+/rl-Hm/+), the homozygote of rl can be selected from littermates by the normal appearance of the feet. Both the heterozygous rl embryos and non-carriers harbor the Hm locus and show the Hm phenotype as a deformity of the feet that can be recognized from the 15th day of gestation. In the cerebellar primordium of control mice, Purkinje cells migrated radially from the ventricular zone towards the cortex. In contrast, most of the migratory Purkinje cells remained in the intermediate zone, and their migration towards the cortex was obstructed in the cerebellum of the reeler mutant. A disorganized arrangement of both the processes and cell bodies of the radial glia was demonstrated in the cerebellar primordium of the reeler by labeling them with the antibody against tenascin, a neuron-glial adhesion molecule, and the monoclonal antibody 1D11, a marker for immature astroglia. Electron-microscopic observations revealed apposition of the migratory cells to the radially oriented glial processes in the intermediate zone of the control cerebellum. In contrast, the apposition of leading processes of the migratory neuroblasts to disorganized processes of the radial glia was observed in the intermediate zone of the reeler cerebellum. These findings suggest that the obstructed migration and disordered cortical alignment of Purkinje cells in the reeler cerebellum is due to dysgenesis and abnormal development of radial glia, resulting in disturbance of contact guidance in the process of Purkinje cell migration.

PMID:
7506500
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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