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J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 1993 Oct;22(4):540-9.

Comparative assessment of ibutilide, D-sotalol, clofilium, E-4031, and UK-68,798 in a rabbit model of proarrhythmia.

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Upjohn Company, Kalamazoo, Michigan 49001.


Class III agents have been associated with development of a polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (PVT) known as torsades de pointes. We compared the class III agent ibutilide, which prolongs repolarization through enhancement of an inward sodium current, with the potassium channel blockers E-4031, UK-68,798, clofilium, and D-sotalol for proarrhythmic effects in an anesthetized rabbit model. In these animals, prolongation of repolarization during alpha 1 stimulation with methoxamine produces early after depolarizations (EADs) and a pause-dependent torsades de pointes-like PVT. Agents were compared over dosage ranges that produced maximal increases in QTc interval and monophasic action potential duration (MAPD). PVT typically developed after atrioventricular (A-V) conduction block and slowing of heart rate (HR), and was preceded by development of repolarization arrhythmias characterized by EADs and triggered activity producing extrasystolic beats. Ibutilide administration resulted in significantly lower EAD amplitudes and a lower incidence of repolarization arrhythmias and PVT as compared with administration of other class III agents. The percentage of rabbits developing PVT for each agent was ibutilide 12%, D-sotalol 70%, E-4031 56%, UK-68,798 69%, and clofilium 80%. Rabbits receiving saline vehicle instead of a class III agent never developed conduction or repolarization abnormalities or PVT. Under the conditions of this study at doses that generate maximal class III effects, ibutilide produces lesser increases in QTc interval and MAPD, and EADs of lower amplitude, resulting in a lower incidence of repolarization arrhythmias and PVT as compared with other class III agents.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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