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Am J Physiol. 1995 Nov;269(5 Pt 2):H1743-51.

Fructose-1,6-diphosphate or adenosine attenuate leukocyte adherence in postischemic skeletal muscle.

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Department of Physiology and Biophysics, School of Medicine, Louisiana State University Medical Center, Shreveport 71130, USA.


The purpose of this study was to determine whether fructose-1,6-diphosphate (FDP) or adenosine (Ado), administered at the onset of reperfusion, would prevent ischemia/reperfusion (I-R)-induced leukocyte adherence and microvascular dysfunction in skeletal muscle. Changes in vascular permeability and tissue neutrophil content were assessed by measurement of the solvent drag reflection coefficient (delta) for total plasma proteins and muscle myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity, respectively, in continuously perfused, isolated canine gracilis muscles and in muscles subjected to I-R alone, I-R + FDP, and I-R + Ado. To determine whether FDP or Ado would attenuate leukocyte-endothelial cell adhesive interactions induced by I-R, leukocyte adherence and emigration were assessed in postischemic mouse cremaster muscles, using intravital microscopy in the presence and absence of FDP or Ado during reperfusion. I-R was associated with a marked increase in microvascular permeability and muscle MPO activity relative to nonischemic controls. These increases were attenuated by FDP and Ado. I-R also increased the number of adherent and emigrated leukocytes relative to control. I-R-induced leukocyte adherence and emigration were significantly attenuated by either FDP or Ado. These results indicate that FDP and Ado attenuate postischemic microvascular barrier dysfunction in skeletal muscle by a mechanism that may be related to their ability to inhibit leukocyte adhesion and emigration.

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