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Z Gastroenterol. 1995 Oct;33(10):590-3.

Omeprazole/amoxicillin versus triple therapy for Helicobacter pylori in duodenal ulcer disease: two-year follow-up of a prospective randomized study.

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1
Klinik für Innere Medizin und Gastroenterologie, Elisabeth-Krankenhaus, Essen.

Abstract

The present study was designed to compare the efficacy and tolerability of triple therapy and dual therapy for Helicobacter pylori in duodenal ulcer patients and to evaluate the long-term clinical course of ulcer disease. Forty duodenal ulcer patients with proven H. pylori infection were enrolled into the study and randomly treated with either triple therapy consisting of bismuth subsalicylate, metronidazole and tetracycline plus ranitidine or with dual therapy comprising omeprazole and amoxicillin. Patients were investigated clinically and endoscopically including assessment of H. pylori infection by means or rapid urease test, culture, histology and urea breath testing 4 weeks after cessation of eradication therapy, in 1-year intervals and when dyspeptic symptoms recurred. One patient of each group was lost during follow-up. H. pylori infection was cured by triple therapy in 84.2% and by dual therapy in 78.9% (p = 1.00). During follow-up, all patients with cure of H. pylori infection (n = 31) remained in stable remission with respect to duodenal ulcer disease, while 6 out of 7 patients persistently infected with H. pylori developed an ulcer relapse (p < 0.001). One patient with cured infection had had an episode of dyspeptic symptoms requiring pharmacotherapy and in another 3 patients mild refluxesophagitis without necessity of medical treatment had been detected on the occasion of a scheduled endoscopy. In the short-term, cure of the infection resulted in a marked reduction of the degree of antral gastritis and in a loss of activity in all but one patient.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

PMID:
7502551
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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