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J Mol Biol. 1995 Dec 8;254(4):595-607.

Mutations in the gene encoding the 34 kDa subunit of yeast replication protein A cause defective S phase progression.

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Dipartimento di Genetica, Università degli Studi di Milano, Italy.


The in vivo function of the 34 kDa subunit of yeast replication protein A (RPA), encoded by the RFA2 gene, has been studied by analyzing the effect of Rpa34 depletion and by producing and characterizing rfa2 temperature-sensitive mutants. We show that unbalanced stoichiometry of the RPA subunits does not affect cell growth and cell cycle progression until the level of Rpa34 becomes rate-limiting, at which point cells arrest with a late S/G2 DNA content. Rpa34 is involved in DNA replication in vivo, since rfa2 ts mutants are defective in S phase progression and ARS plasmid stability, and rfa2 pol1 double mutants are non-viable. Moreover, when shifted to the restrictive temperature, about 50% of the rfa2 mutant cells rapidly die while traversing the S phase and the surviving cells arrest in late S/G2 at the RAD9 checkpoint. Finally, rfa2 mutant cells have a mutator and hyper-recombination phenotype and are more sensitive to hydroxyurea and methyl-methane-sulfonate than wild-type cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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