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J Biol Chem. 1995 Nov 24;270(47):28188-92.

Granulocyte-colony stimulating factor and lipopolysaccharide regulate the expression of interleukin 8 receptors on polymorphonuclear leukocytes.

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Laboratory of Molecular Immunoregulation, NCI, National Institutes of Health, Frederick, Maryland 21702, USA.


Interleukin 8 (IL-8) is a potent chemoattractant and activating factor for human polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) and hence plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of acute inflammation. Two unique but homologous receptors for IL-8 have been cloned (IL-8RA and -B), each of which binds the IL-8 ligand with high affinity. PMN stimulated by cytokines or lipopolysaccharide (LPS) exhibit changes in IL-8R mRNA and 125I-IL-8 binding. Granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) treatment of PMN enhances, and LPS inhibits, IL-8R mRNA expression. Similarly, 125I-IL-8 ligand binding to PMN is increased by G-CSF and decreased by LPS treatment. The stimulatory effect of G-CSF on IL-8R expression is transcriptional as it is inhibited by actinomycin D and is evident in nuclear run-on analyses. In contrast, LPS down-regulates IL-8R by both transcriptional and post-transcriptional mechanisms. The alterations in IL-8R expression are associated with similar changes in the IL-8-induced chemotactic responses of PMN. In conclusion, the two types of IL-8 receptor differ in their cellular distribution and are regulated in response to cytokines and LPS. Regulation of IL-8R expression by endogenous and exogenous immunomodulators may be important in the in vivo control of PMN effector functions in inflammation.

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