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J Biol Chem. 1995 Nov 24;270(47):28068-74.

Molecular cloning of NIPP-1, a nuclear inhibitor of protein phosphatase-1, reveals homology with polypeptides involved in RNA processing.

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Afdeling Biochemie, Faculteit Geneeskunde, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium.


NIPP-1 was originally isolated as a potent and specific nuclear inhibitory polypeptide (16-18 kDa) of protein phosphatase-1. We report here the cDNA cloning of NIPP-1 from bovine thymus and show that the native polypeptide consists of 351 residues and has a calculated mass of 38.5 kDa. The bacterially expressed central third of NIPP-1 completely inhibited the type-1 catalytic subunit, but displayed a reduced inhibitory potency after phosphorylation by protein kinase A and casein kinase 2. Translation of NIPP-1 mRNA in reticulocyte lysates resulted in the accumulation of both intact NIPP-1 and a smaller polypeptide generated by alternative initiation at the codon corresponding to Met143. A data base search showed that the COOH terminus of NIPP-1 is nearly identical to the human ard-1 protein (13 kDa), which has been implicated in RNA processing (Wang, M., and Cohen, S. N. (1994) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 91, 10591-10595). Comparison of the cDNAs encoding ard-1 and NIPP-1 suggests that their mRNAs are generated by alternative splicing of the same pre-mRNA. Western blotting with antibodies against the COOH terminus of NIPP-1, however, showed a single polypeptide of 47 kDa, which was enriched in the nucleus. Northern analysis revealed a single transcript of 2.2 kilobases in bovine thymus and of 2.4 kilobases in various human tissues.

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