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Eur J Clin Invest. 1995 Sep;25(9):659-64.

The myeloic related protein MRP8/14 (27E10 antigen)--usefulness as a potential marker for disease activity in ulcerative colitis and putative biological function.

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1
Department of Medicine B, University of Münster, Germany.

Abstract

MRP8, MRP14 and their heterodimer MRP8/14 (27E10 antigen) are myeloic related proteins which have been shown to have a major role in inflammatory and immunological responses. In the present study monospecific antibodies against MRPs were used to investigate immunohistochemically the distribution of these proteins in routinely processed bowel tissues from 23 patients with ulcerative colitis (UC). MRP8, MRP14 and their heterocomplex MRP8/14 were demonstrated in the majority of granulocytes and macrophages in tissues of patients with active UC. Furthermore by employing the ELISA technique we measured MRP8/14 serum levels in 62 patients with UC and the results were compared with those for healthy controls. Disease activities were determined by established clinical activity indices. Serum MRP8/14 concentrations were significantly (P < 0.0001) increased in patients with active ulcerative colitis. No enhancement of serum levels were found for MRP14 and MRP8 alone, respectively. The follow-up of individual patients with initially active disease showed a decrease of MRP8/14 serum levels in parallel with clinical improvement following the start of therapy. It is thus concluded that MRP8/14 accurately reflects the degree of disease activity in UC. Further, possible biological function of MRPs seems to be associated with the heterodimeric form (27E10 antigen) rather than with individual proteins. Our morphological results confirm the finding of enhanced MRP8/14 serum levels in patients with active UC.

PMID:
7498239
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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