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Clin Chem. 1995 Dec;41(12 Pt 1):1738-44.

Automated assay of oxygen radical absorbance capacity with the COBAS FARA II.

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US Department of Agriculture, Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging, Tufts University, Boston, MA 02111, USA.


Reactive oxygen species are of interest in biology and medicine because of evidence relating them to aging and disease processes. A relatively simple but sensitive and reliable method for quantifying the oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) of antioxidants in biological tissues has been automated for use with the COBAS FARA II centrifugal analyzer with a fluorescence-measuring attachment. In this assay, beta-phycoerythrin (beta-PE) is used as an indicator protein, 2,2'-azobis(2-amidinopropane) dihydrochloride (AAPH) as a peroxyl radical generator, and 6-hydroxy-2,5,7,8-tetramethylchroman-2-carboxylic acid (Trolox) as a calibrator for antioxidant activity. This assay is unique because the reaction goes to completion so that both inhibition time and inhibition degree are considered in quantifying ORAC (micromoles of Trolox equivalent per liter or per gram of tissue). This method can be used not only for serum but also other tissue and food samples and is suitable for application to a range of nutritional and clinical conditions.

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