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Melanoma Res. 1995 Aug;5(4):283-7.

Addition of dacarbazine or cisplatin to interferon-alpha/interleukin-2 in metastatic melanoma: toxicity and immunological effects.

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1
Department of Haematology/Oncology, Medizinische Klinik V, University of Heidelberg, Germany.

Abstract

The combination of chemotherapy and immunotherapy seems to improve response rate in metastatic melanoma. We investigated the effects on toxicity and immunological effects of a single dose of dacarbacin (DTIC; 850 mg/m2) or cisplatin (CDDP; 100 mg/m2) added to subsequent immunotherapy with interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha) and interleukin-2 (IL-2). Twelve patients, who did not respond to IFN-alpha/IL-2 alone were studied. Six received DTIC and IFN-alpha/IL-2, and six received CDDP and IFN-alpha/IL-2. DTIC did not add significant toxicity except for nausea. Significant thrombocytopenia was observed in two patients after CDDP. Although CDDP led to grade 3 nephrotoxicity in two patients, the IL-2-induced fluid retention was less severe than with IFN-alpha/IL-2 alone. Pharmacokinetics of IL-2 were not altered by DTIC, but higher IL-2 serum levels were found in patients with grade 3 nephrotoxicity after CDDP. The IL-2-related induction of secondary mediators (interferon-gamma, tumour necrosis factor-alpha, soluble CD25) was not impaired by chemotherapy and the induction of neopterin was significantly higher after addition of CDDP. One partial response was observed after addition of DTIC to IFN-alpha/IL-2, and one after addition of CDDP. The addition of a single dose of DTIC or CDDP to IFN-alpha/IL-2 is fairly well tolerated and does not abolish induction of secondary mediators. Randomized trials are necessary to test the clinical efficacy.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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