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Tuber Lung Dis. 1995 Oct;76(5):413-7.

An audit of HIV testing and HIV serostatus in tuberculosis patients, Blantyre, Malawi.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, Queen Elizabeth Central Hospital, Blantyre, Malawi.

Abstract

SETTING:

Queen Elizabeth Central Hospital, Blantyre, Malawi.

OBJECTIVE:

An audit of voluntary HIV testing, with pre- and post-test counselling, of adult patients diagnosed with all types of tuberculosis.

DESIGN:

A review of case files of adult patients with tuberculosis registered with the District Tuberculosis Officer, Blantyre, between April 1993 and March 1994.

RESULTS:

There were 1095 tuberculosis patients, mean age 32 years, of whom 665 (60.7%) had HIV-serological testing. 496 patients (74.6% of those tested) were HIV seropositive. 73% of patients who were hospitalized for the initial intensive phase of treatment were HIV-tested compared with 37% of patients who received ambulatory chemotherapy (P < 0.001). In patients HIV-tested, 5 did not wish to know their results and post-test counselling was done in 516 (78%). 23 patients refused HIV testing. 362 (84%) patients not HIV-tested never received pre-test counselling. Of 664 patients who received 2SRHZ/6HT(E) in hospital, 84 (12.6%) patients died and 8 (1.2%) absconded. The abscondee rate was unrelated to HIV serostatus.

CONCLUSION:

A large proportion of tuberculosis patients who receive supervised treatment in hospital accept confidential HIV testing and the abscondee rate is low. The clinical management of patients is improved.

PMID:
7496002
DOI:
10.1016/0962-8479(95)90007-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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