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Immunol Today. 1995 Nov;16(11):520-4.

Langerhans cells and HIV infection.

Author information

1
Istituto Dermopatico dell' Immacolata, IRCCS, Roma, Italy.

Abstract

Epidermal Langerhans cells (LCs) isolated from individuals infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) harbour HIV-1 proviral DNA and RNA, indicating productive infection by the virus in vivo. Furthermore, normal LCs can be infected in vitro by HIV and can present HIV antigens to helper T cells. Here, Giovanna Zambruno and colleagues discuss the possibility that LCs of genital mucosae are among the first targets of HIV infection following sexual contact, and can be involved both in the transmission of the infection to T cells and in T-cell priming to HIV antigens. In addition, epidermal LCs might acquire HIV infection from dermal T cells during transit from blood vessels through the dermis and may, in turn, represent a reservoir of the virus for continued T-cell infection.

PMID:
7495488
DOI:
10.1016/0167-5699(95)80044-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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