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Pharmacol Ther. 1995;67(2):247-81.

Modulation of gene expression and endocrine response pathways by 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin and related compounds.

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1
Texas A&M University, College Station 77843-4466, USA.

Abstract

The aryl hydrocarbon (Ah) receptor binds several different structural classes of chemicals, including halogenated aromatics, typified by 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), polynuclear aromatic and heteropolynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons. TCDD induces expression of several genes including CYP1A1, and molecular biology studies show that the Ah receptor acts as a nuclear ligand-induced transcription factor that interacts with xenobiotic or dioxin responsive elements located in 5'-flanking regions of responsive genes. TCDD also elicits diverse toxic effects, modulates endocrine pathways and inhibits a broad spectrum of estrogen (17 beta-estradiol)-induced responses in rodents and human breast cancer cell lines. Molecular biology studies show that TCDD inhibited 17 beta-estradiol-induced cathepsin D gene expression by targeted interaction of the nuclear Ah receptor with imperfect dioxin responsive elements strategically located within the estrogen receptor-Sp1 enhancer sequence of this gene.

PMID:
7494865
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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