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Pediatr Res. 1995 Sep;38(3):336-41.

Soluble L-selectin (sCD62L) umbilical cord plasma levels increase with gestational age.

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Department of Neonatology, Rudolf Virchow Medical Center, Berlin Free University, Germany.


L-Selectin (CD62L) is a leukocyte surface membrane glycoprotein involved in extravasation and homotypic aggregation which is rapidly cleaved off after cellular activation. From culture supernatants and body fluids, soluble L-selectin (sCD62L) has been recovered with its functional activity retained. We devised a sensitive enzyme-linked immunoassay for quantitation of sCD62L which was used to measure sCD62L in umbilical cord plasma of 255 human newborns with a gestational age (GA) of 23-43 wk (median 38 wk). sCD62L levels ranged from 1.14-13.8 pmol/mL (median 7.2 pmol/mL) and showed strong correlations with GA (r = 0.71, p < 0.001), birth weight (r = 0.66, p < 0.001), and absolute neutrophil cell counts (ANC) (r = 0.62, p < 0.001) obtained from a peripheral vein within the first 6 h of life (n = 153), whereas there was a weak inverse correlation with absolute normoblast counts (r = -0.27, p < 0.001). In multiple regression analysis, only GA and ANC retained a significant association with sCD62L levels (p < 0.001). Decreased sCD62L levels were found to be associated with multiple gestation (4.8 +/- 2.4 pmol/mL versus 7.7 +/- 2.3 pmol/mL, p < 0.05) also when considering GA and ANC as covariates. In contrast, increased sCD62L levels in infants born from meconium-stained amniotic fluid, and decreased levels in newborns with acute bacterial infection could be fully attributed to differences in GA and ANC.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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