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Virology. 1995 Nov 10;213(2):549-57.

Picornavirus 2A proteinase-mediated stimulation of internal initiation of translation is dependent on enzymatic activity and the cleavage products of cellular proteins.

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Department of Biochemistry, Medical Faculty, University of Vienna, Austria.


Poliovirus and human rhinovirus 2A proteinases are known to stimulate translation initiation on the cognate viral Internal Ribosome Entry Segments (IRESes). The molecular mechanism of this translational transactivation was investigated in vitro using dicistronic mRNAs containing picornaviral IRESes as the intercistronic spacer and purified human rhinovirus type 2 and coxsackievirus B4 2A proteinases. The stimulation achieved on the HRV2 IRES in the presence of the cognate 2A proteinase at 1 microgram/ml was twofold; the maximum stimulation at 100 micrograms/ml was fivefold. The IRESes and proteinases from rhino- and enteroviruses were interchangeable; however, stimulation of translation initiation on a cardiovirus IRES by these proteinases was minimal. Studies using an inhibitor or a mutant 2A proteinase demonstrated that translation stimulation requires 2A-mediated enzymatic conversion of some cellular component(s). The HRV2 2A proteinase also stimulated translation initiation on full-length viral RNA, suggesting that 2A proteinase-mediated stimulation of IRES-driven translation has a physiological role.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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