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J Lab Clin Med. 1995 Dec;126(6):548-58.

Protective effects of reconstituted high-density lipoprotein in rabbit gram-negative bacteremia models.

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1
ZLB Central Laboratory, Blood Transfusion Service, Swiss Red Cross, Switzerland.

Abstract

Reconstituted high-density lipoproteins (rHDLs) have the ability to bind bacterial lipopolysaccharide and to reduce its endotoxin activity in vitro and in vivo. The aim of the present studies was to investigate the therapeutic potential of rHDL in bacteremia models. Gram-negative sepsis was induced in anesthetized rabbits by intravenous infusion of Escherichia coli organisms (4 x 10(9) CFU/kg infused over 2 hours) and treated with appropriate antibiotics. rHDL or placebo was infused either before (prophylaxis) or 1 hour after (therapy) the beginning of the bacterial challenge. In the control groups, the bacterial challenge resulted in transient bacteremia, high plasma levels of lipopolysaccharide, secretion of TNF, and symptoms of sepsis, including hypotension and acidosis. rHDL had no influence on blood bacterial counts; however, plasma lipopolysaccharide levels were significantly reduced. Peak plasma TNF concentrations were reduced after prophylactic but not after therapeutic rHDL administration. Both prophylactic and therapeutic rHDL improved clinical outcome: acidosis was significantly attenuated and blood pressure tended to be higher in the rHDL groups. No effects of rHDL were seen in a similar model of gram-positive sepsis induced by the infusion of Staphylococcus aureus.

PMID:
7490514
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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