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Gene. 1995 Nov 7;165(1):31-8.

Identification of differentially expressed Leishmania donovani genes using arbitrarily primed polymerase chain reactions.

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Laboratory of Molecular Pharmacology, Food and Drug Administration, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.


Arbitrarily primed polymerase chain reactions (AP-PCR) were used to amplify polymorphic DNA fragments from the genomes of a variety of geographic isolates of Leishmania donovani (Ld). From the latter, five polymorphic DNA fragments were cloned and sequence analysis identified 15 unique clones. Northern blot analysis showed that 13 of the 15 clones hybridized to transcribed RNAs isolated from Ld. Eight of these 13 AP-PCR clones specifically hybridized to Ld RNAs that were differentially expressed in promastigote and 'amastigote' cells. Comparative Northern analysis of four differentially expressed AP-PCR clones indicated that two clones, LdS-14-14 and LdI-9-7, were expressed in Ld and several other Leishmania species. However, RNAs corresponding to two other AP-PCR clones, LdE-6-1 and LdI-9-5, were detected only in members of the Ld complex, and not in L. major (Lm) or L. tropica (Lt). Comparative Southern blot analysis of the LdS-14-14 locus revealed numerous restriction-fragment length polymorphisms (RFLP) distinguishing Lm and Lt from the Ld isolates and L. infantum. However, the LdS-14-14 loci were mapped to similar-sized chromosomes observed among all Old World Leishmania species tested, indicating that localized nucleotide divergence, not chromosomal rearrangement, was responsible for altered Southern blot patterns. These results demonstrate that AP-PCR is a very useful method for identifying expressed gene sequences in organisms of relatively low-complexity genomes. Interestingly, the majority of these sequences identified in this study correspond to differentially expressed genes.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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