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Nat Med. 1995 Oct;1(10):1062-6.

GM1 ganglioside-bound amyloid beta-protein (A beta): a possible form of preamyloid in Alzheimer's disease.

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Department of Neuropathology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Japan.


The earliest event so far known that occurs in the brain affected with Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the deposition and fibril formation of amyloid beta-protein (A beta). A beta is cleaved from a glycosylated membrane protein, called beta-amyloid protein precursor, and normally secreted into the extracellular space. Here we report on the presence of membrane-bound A beta that tightly binds GM1 ganglioside. This suggests that this novel A beta species, rather than secreted A beta, may act as a 'seed' for amyloid and further that intracellular abnormalities in the membrane recycling already exist at the stage of amyloidogenesis.

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