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Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1995 Dec;149(12):1330-5.

Body dissatisfaction and unhealthy weight-control practices among adolescents with and without chronic illness: a population-based study.

Author information

1
Division of General Pediatrics and Adolescent Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To compare body dissatisfaction and unhealthy weight-loss practices among adolescents with and without chronic illness.

DESIGN:

Survey.

PARTICIPANTS:

The sample consisted of 2149 adolescent boys and girls with diabetes, asthma, attention deficit disorder, physical disabilities, or seizure disorders; and a comparison group of 1381 adolescents without chronic illness.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Body concerns, binge eating, frequent dieting, vomiting, and laxative or diuretic use among adolescents.

RESULTS:

Adolescents with chronic illness reported higher body dissatisfaction and engaged in more high-risk weight-loss practices than adolescents without chronic illness. This trend was consistent across the different conditions and was not limited to those with a nutrition-related condition such as diabetes. The trend remained after conducting logistic regression and controlling for age, race, socioeconomic status, and body mass index.

CONCLUSIONS:

Adolescents with chronic illness are at high risk for engaging in unhealthy weight-loss practices and should be screened and targeted for prevention and treatment.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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