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Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 1995 Aug;19(8):550-7.

Interrelationship of left ventricular mass, systolic function and diastolic filling in normotensive morbidly obese patients.

Author information

1
Division of Cardiology, University of South Alabama College of Medicine, Mobile 36617, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the interrelationship of left ventricular (LV) mass, systolic function and diastolic relaxation in morbidly obese subjects.

METHOD:

We obtained echocardiograms (M-mode, two dimension) and cardiac Doppler studies (pulse wave, continuous wave colour flow) on 50 subjects whose actual body weight was > or = twice ideal body weight. LV mass/height index was calculated from echocardiographic data (Penn Convention). LV systolic function was assessed by calculating LV fractional shortening. LV diastolic filling was assessed by measuring the transmitral Doppler E/A ratio and the transmitral E wave deceleration time.

RESULTS:

There were significant positive correlations between LV mass/height index and the LV internal dimensions in diastole, systolic blood pressure, LV end-systolic wall wall stress and the transmitral E wave deceleration time. There were significant negative correlations between LV mass/height index and both LV fractional shortening and the transmitral Doppler E/A ratio. There were significant negative correlations between LV fractional shortening and the LV internal dimension in diastole, systolic blood pressure LV end-systolic wall stress and the transmitral E wave deceleration time. There was a significant positive correlation between LV fractional shortening and the transmitral Doppler E/A ratio. There were significant positive correlations between the transmitral E wave deceleration time and LV internal dimension in diastole, systolic blood pressure and LV end-systolic wall stress. There were significant negative correlations between the transmitral Doppler E/A ratio and the aforementioned variables.

CONCLUSIONS:

Unfavourable alterations in LV loading conditions contribute to the development of LV hypertrophy and impairment systolic dysfunction in morbidly obese subjects. Increasing LV mass and altered loading conditions may synergistically contribute to impairment of LV diastolic filling in such individuals.

PMID:
7489025
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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