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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1995 Nov 13;216(2):669-75.

Effect of protein kinase and phosphatase inhibitors on expression of hypoxia-inducible factor 1.

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Department of Pediatrics, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21287-3914, USA.


Hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) is a heterodimeric bHLH-PAS protein essential for erythropoietin gene transcription in hypoxic cells. Here we show that both 2-aminopurine and sodium fluoride, inhibitors of serine/threonine kinases and phosphatases, respectively, interfered with the hypoxic induction of HIF-1 DNA-binding activity and expression of HIF-1 alpha and HIF-1 beta(ARNT) subunits. Genistein, an inhibitor of tyrosine kinases, completely blocked the synthesis of both HIF-1 subunits as well as HIF-1 DNA-binding activity. Sodium orthovanadate, an inhibitor of tyrosine phosphatases increased the basal level of HIF-1 proteins and HIF-1 activity. These data suggest that protein phosphorylation events play an important role in the hypoxia signal-transduction pathway that leads to synthesis of HIF-1 alpha and HIF-1 beta proteins and the induction of HIF-1 DNA-binding activity.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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