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Arch Virol. 1995;140(9):1557-75.

Characterization of two Japanese encephalitis virus strains isolated in Thailand.

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Department of Virology, Nagasaki University, Japan.


Two strains of Japanese encephalitis (JE) virus were isolated from a pool of Culex tritaeniorhynchus captured in 1992 and another pool of Cx. vishnui captured in 1993, in Chiang Mai Area, Northern Thailand. These two strains, ThCMAr44/92 and ThCMAr67/93, could not be identified either as Nakayama or JaGAr01 subtype by the hemagglutination-inhibition (HI) and the neutralization (N) tests using immune sera raised against these standard JE virus strains. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction showed the presence of JE-specific conserved sequences in these strains. Sequencing of 240 nucleotides in their PrM gene region identified that these two strains belong to the genotype 1 of JE virus. Nucleotide and encoded amino acid sequences of their envelope glycoprotein gene revealed 98.8 and 99.8% identity, respectively. These two strains shared 77.8 to 87.7% homology in the nucleotide sequence and 90.0 to 98.8% homology in the amino acid sequence with other reported JE strains. Five strain-specific amino acid changes were noted in ThCMAr44/92 strain, while one in ThCMAr67/93. In addition, four common amino acid changes were found in both strains. Thus, the findings indicated that these two strains were structurally different from each other as well as different from all the reported strains which was in agreement with the serological tests by hemagglutination-inhibition and neutralization.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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